1700-tal: Nordic Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700 <p>An international, multidisciplinary, peer reviewed, diamond open access scholarly journal on all aspects of the long eighteenth century and its reception, published by the Swedish Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies in collaboration with societies in Finland, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland.</p> Septentrio Academic Publishing en-US 1700-tal: Nordic Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 1652-4772 <p>Since 2013, <em>1700-tal</em> publishes all content online, currently with a one-year delay after the printed version is distributed.<br /><br />Copyright on any content in <em>1700-tal</em> is retained by the author(s).<br /><br />Authors grant <em>1700-tal</em> a license to publish their contributions in print and online or any other medium and to identify itself as the original publisher.<br /><br />Authors give <em>1700-tal</em> the right to distribute their contributions freely under a Creative Commons Attribution License. This implies that any third party has the right to use the contribution freely, provided that its original author(s), citation details and publisher are identified.<br /><br />For more information on the Creative Commons Attribution License see <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</a>.<br /><br />Authors have the right to self-archive their contribution in its final form (publisher’s PDF) as soon as the printed version has been distributed.</p> Table of contents https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7205 Johannes Ljungberg Copyright (c) 2023 Johannes Ljungberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 1 4 Redaktionens förord https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7206 Johannes Ljungberg Copyright (c) 2023 Johannes Ljungberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 4 7 10.7557/4.7206 Jón Kristinn Einarsson, Jón Steingrímsson og Skaftáreldar, ed. Már Jónsson, Smárit Sögufélags (Reykjavík: Sögufélag, 2022 ). 264 pp. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7198 Margrét Gunnarsdóttir Copyright (c) 2023 Margrét Gunnarsdóttir https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 150 153 10.7557/4.7198 Thomas Daltveit Slettebø, Ola Teige and Øystein Lydik Idsø Viken (eds.), Fredsårene: Norge i fred 1720–1807 (Oslo: Dreyers forlag, 2022). 439 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7197 Dorothée Goetze Copyright (c) 2023 Dorothée Goetze https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 154 156 10.7557/4.7197 Bo Lindberg, Disputation, dissertation, avhandling: historien om en genre (Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2022). 248 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7199 Per Pippin Aspaas Copyright (c) 2023 Per Pippin Aspaas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 157 159 10.7557/4.7199 Rebecka Lennartsson, Ulla Winblad. Liv och legend (Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2021). 158 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7177 Henrika Tandefelt Copyright (c) 2023 Henrika Tandefelt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 160 162 10.7557/4.7177 Mia Skott, Tapetmakerskor. Självständiga yrkeskvinnor i 1700-talets Stockholm (Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2022). 159 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7178 Paul Borenberg Copyright (c) 2023 Paul Borenberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 163 164 10.7557/4.7178 Mary Wollstonecraft, Brev från en resa i Sverige, Norge och Danmark. Translation, introduction and notes by Elisabeth Mansén (Lund: Ellerströms, 2022). 302 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7200 Martina Reuter Copyright (c) 2023 Martina Reuter https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 165 167 10.7557/4.7200 Hans Egede, Dagbog 1721–36. Bearbejdet til nudansk og med forord af Ane Martine Lønneker (Aarhus: Forlaget Atlanten, 2021). 454 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7201 Lis Norup Copyright (c) 2023 Lis Norup https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 168 172 10.7557/4.7201 Ludvig Holberg: Rettskunnskap (1751). Oversatt av Andreas Harald Aure (Oslo: Vidarforlaget, 2021). 463 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7202 Sören Koch Copyright (c) 2023 Sören Koch https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 173 178 10.7557/4.7202 Right and Wrong Ways of Knowing https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7203 <div><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">This article explores how the eighteenth-century ‘dictionary craze’ – the explosive proliferation of alphabetically organized reference works – can be understood as part of a wider conflict of learning. Drawing on a wide mix of sources, I show that dictionaries, more than any other factual genre of the time, challenged established conventions about what constituted right and wrong ways of reading, learning, and ultimately knowing, and that this was a crucial reason for both the controversy and success of the genre.</span></div> <div> <p>After an overview of early modern norms of learning, the article examines how eighteenth-century disagreements about factual dictionaries challenged, reproduced, and reconfigured older views. By encouraging readers to follow their own curiosity, read in whatever order they liked, form their own opinions, remember temporarily, forget, and return when needed, dictionaries deviated from established ideals of disciplined study and ‘digestive’ reading, which held that ‘true’ knowledge was deeply incorporated in the individual. The dictionary’s claim to be a ‘shortcut’ to learning also fueled discussions about the very meaning of ‘knowing’, and how much the road to learning could be shortened without missing the goal.</p> </div> Linn Holmberg Copyright (c) 2023 Linn Holmberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 8 33 10.7557/4.7203 A French Parnassus for the Danes https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7204 <div> <div> <p class="Introduction"><span lang="EN-GB">Benefitting from </span><span lang="EN-US">a taste for everything French in </span><span lang="EN-GB">the Danish-Norwegian absolute monarchy, La Beaumelle circulated</span><span lang="EN-US"> in Copenhagen news and ideas from the</span><span lang="EN-GB"> French </span><span lang="EN-US">Enlightenment</span><span lang="EN-GB"> in a handwritten journal </span><span lang="EN-US">which content</span> <span lang="EN-GB">has never been studied</span> <span lang="EN-GB">before. </span><span lang="EN-US">The</span><span lang="EN-GB"> ideas and rhetorical strategies of his journalistic input </span><span lang="EN-US">are</span><span lang="EN-GB"> analy</span><span lang="EN-US">s</span><span lang="EN-GB">ed and contextuali</span><span lang="EN-US">s</span><span lang="EN-GB">ed in the Danish political agenda and </span><span lang="EN-US">in </span><span lang="EN-GB">the larger frame of the </span><span lang="EN-US">circulation of semi-private news and the </span><span lang="EN-GB">intellectual history of the Enlightenment. Brilliant and irreverent, </span><span lang="EN-US">t</span><span lang="EN-GB">he</span><span lang="EN-US"> author</span><span lang="EN-GB"> discussed moderate and subversive ideas along with much gossip from Paris. This article is the first study of </span><span lang="EN-US">what was written in </span><span lang="EN-GB">the <em>Gazette</em> and connects intellectual networks and the history of the press, by focusing on the relationship between French thinkers and the kingdom of Denmark-Norway.&nbsp;</span></p> </div> </div> Christine Jeanneret Copyright (c) 2023 Christine Jeanneret https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 34 54 10.7557/4.7204 Pigor i sämre hushåll https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/6894 <div><span lang="EN-GB">The Swedish Servant Acts compulsed everyone without an occupation to take up service as a servant. However it is unclear to what extent this compulsion was actually enforced. Repeated complaints from the authorities give the impression that it was largely ignored. One suspicion was that people chose to live with relatives rather than taking service. A list compiled by the Stockholms authorities enables a quantification of mostly women who evaded service around 1755. The study shows that up to a fifth of all female servants were suspected of being live ins rather than employed as servants, and most of them problably earned their living in the informal sector of the urban economy. A comparison with tax registers reveals that these people were accounted for. In conclusion, while historical scholarship is dependent upon ample source material, this study suggests that a good part of the servant population was recorded in tax registers, but that the nature of their service might not have been properly accounted for, and that many servants provided for themselves on an extensive informal economy of the city which is difficult to quantify. </span></div> Paul Borenberg Copyright (c) 2023 Paul Borenberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 55 76 10.7557/4.6894 Holberg in Context https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/6699 <div><span lang="EN-US">A prolific and versatile writer, Ludvig Holberg has long been the subject of intense scholarly debate about the identity of his thought and the best way of interpreting his works. What, in particular, has muddied the waters is his use of multifarious textual techniques and conventions, including the use of a broad array of literary genres, a plurality of voices, and diverse literary, historical, and intellectual sources. Engaging, critically, with current contextualist scholarship, this article focuses on what intellectual history can bring to the study of Holberg. Hence, as the article aims to show, thinking in a particular way about the context of Holberg’s works, that is, in conjunction with the languages and personae that inhabit his writings, may help us to better understand the textual conventions and techniques that he employed in his writings, thereby illuminating his identity as a writer.</span></div> Brian Kjær Olesen Copyright (c) 2023 Brian Kjær Olesen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 77 101 10.7557/4.6699 Designing ‘Swedishness’ https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/6875 <p>This article explores the early development of Swedish costume design during the reign of Gustav III (1771-1792). From the beginning of his rule, the Swedish king consciously and actively developed the local cultural scene, funded the Swedish Royal Opera and other institutions, as well as wrote and performed theatrical works himself. He also intervened in the scenography of pieces and was very interested in dress in general, using it often for his political aims. Theatre and dress were not only treated as aesthetic objects, but also as tools for creating a sense of Swedish national identity among the people.</p> <p>The ‘Swedishness’ of costume design is thus primarily connected to the subjects represented in those initial plays which addressed Swedish themes: historical figures and people from different Swedish regions. On the other hand, both the designers and forms used to create this Swedish design were often imported and adapted from abroad, especially from France and Italy. Using a transnational perspective and material-oriented approach, this study examines certain strategies and milestones in Swedish costume making, highlighting international exchange, but also showing unique cases of adaptation to the local stage.</p> Petra Dotlacilova Copyright (c) 2023 Petra Dotlacilova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 102 129 10.7557/4.6875 Jonas Thorup Thomsen, Danish Clergymen and their Book Collections: An investigation into Clerical Libraries, Book Distribution, and Knowledge Circulation in Denmark, c. 1685–1810 (Aarhus: Aarhus University, 2022). 272 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7175 Jakob Evertsson Copyright (c) 2023 Jakob Evertsson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 130 132 10.7557/4.7175 Janne Palkisto, Säveltäjä-klarinetisti Bernhard Crusellin ammatillinen toiminta ja vuorovaikutus Ruotsissa 1795–1833 (Turku: Turun yliopisto, 2022). 83 pp. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7190 Markus Mantere Copyright (c) 2023 Markus Mantere https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 133 135 10.7557/4.7190 Are Bøe Pedersen, "En Knude, som ved Menneskelige Raisons og historiske Exempler ikke kand løses": Hebraisk mytologi og forsvar mot religionskritikk i Ludvig Holbergs Den jødiske Historie (1742) (Bergen: Universitetet i Bergen, 2022). 499 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7194 Karen Skovgaard-Petersen Copyright (c) 2023 Karen Skovgaard-Petersen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 136 139 10.7557/4.7194 Agneta Helmius, Mode och hushåll. Om formandet av kön och media i frihetstidens svenska små- och veckoskrifter (Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensia, 2022). 237 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7176 Gudrun Andersson Copyright (c) 2023 Gudrun Andersson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 140 144 10.7557/4.7176 Nanna Eva Nissen, Forensic Theology and the Evaluation of Blasphemy Offences: The Prosecution of Written Pacts with the Devil in Denmark-Norway between 1634 and 1754 (Köpenhamn: Det Teologiske Fakultet, 2022). 383 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7179 Anton Runesson Copyright (c) 2023 Anton Runesson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 145 146 10.7557/4.7179 Alvar Blomgren, The Hurricane of Passion: Popular Politics and Emotion in Late Georgian England 1792-1812 (Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, 2022). 255 s. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/1700/article/view/7196 Peter K. Andersson Copyright (c) 2023 Peter K. Andersson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 20 147 149 10.7557/4.7196