https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/issue/feed Ravnetrykk 2020-09-29T21:03:17+02:00 Jan Erik Frantsvåg jan.e.frantsvag@uit.no Open Journal Systems Occasional papers from the University Library of Tromsø. https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5513 UiT goes open – innledningen til et festlig skrift 2020-09-29T20:58:55+02:00 Per Pippin Aspaas per.pippin.aspaas@uit.no Aysa Ekanger aysa.ekanger@uit.no Johanne Raade johanne.raade@uit.no In the spring semester of 2020, Stein Høydalsvik turns 67. At the same time, he retires from his job, after having spent 23 full years of his career in the service of a university and its library. With the help of Stein, UiT The Arctic University of Norway has become a pioneer in the field of Open Science. Several aspects of Open Science that have gained currency in Norwegian academia were first piloted at UiT with Stein as pathfinder. To name only some examples, open journal publishing, a national service for the curation of research data, services for open sharing of master theses and doctoral dissertations have been implemented and improved in recent years. An internationally acclaimed conference on scholarly publishing has been established, along with a publication fund for Open Access fees, massive archiving of peer-reviewed article manuscripts. A global, free-to-use portal for openly available research datasets and publications on the Arctic and Antarctic is in the making. There are few persons that manage to accomplish as much as Stein. He has not done it all by himself, of course. Nevertheless, behind a wide range of activities at UiT and at the University Library in particular, Stein has been either the initiator or the inspirer. It is his lifework as employee of UiT that we now celebrate. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Per Pippin Aspaas, Aysa Ekanger, Johanne Raade https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5500 Open Access Initiative – why, and are we willing to try? 2020-09-29T21:01:59+02:00 Helge Salvesen none@ub.uit.no In the very early days of the Open Access movement (the concept had, in fact, just been coined at that time) former library director at UiT Helge Salvesen held the introductory speech at a seminar called "Open Online Access to Research", organised by the Norwegian Council for Higher Education, in Oslo, November 2003. In his speech, Salvesen describes the forms of Open Access now known as Gold OA and Green OA, emphasising the need for institutional repositories and other kinds of infrastructure to facilitate openness and transparency in research. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2003 Helge Salvesen https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5516 Mot åpen vitenskap ved UiT 2020-09-29T20:57:36+02:00 Johanne Raade johanne.raade@uit.no I denne teksten beskrives kort utviklingen med åpen publisering etter 2003, da Helge Salvesen holdt sitt foredrag om det nye fenomenet Open Access. Salvesen peker i sitt foredrag på noen sentrale dilemmaer i arbeidet med åpen tilgang, slik han så det i 2003. Noen av disse dilemmaene er fortsatt relevante i dagens publiseringsregime. Den gang var det særlig tilgjengeliggjøring av forskningsartikler i åpne arkiv og universitetenes holdning til dette som var bakteppet. I dag vil vi inkludere både åpen publisering og åpne arkiv i det mer omfattende feltet åpen forskning (Open Science), som også inkluderer bl.a. data og undervisning. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Johanne Raade https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5506 Utviklingen i Open Access ved UiT 2011–2019 2020-09-29T21:00:40+02:00 Jan Erik Frantsvåg jan.e.frantsvag@uit.no Per Pippin Aspaas per.pippin.aspaas@uit.no Dette er ment som en historisk oversikt over utviklingen i viktige tall på Open Access-området (OA, dvs. åpen tilgang til vitenskapelige publikasjoner på nettet) fra og med 2011 til og med 2019. Universitetet i Tromsø, nå UiT Norges arktiske universitet, vedtok sin første OA-policy i universitetsstyremøtet i oktober 2010. 2011 er dermed det første virkeåret, mens 2019 er siste året vi har helårstall for. Statistikken er avgrenset til fagfellevurderte artikler i vitenskapelige tidsskrift og serier. Tre tema diskuteres særskilt, det er: fordelingen mellom «Gull OA» og «Grønn OA», administrasjonen av UiTs publiseringsfond og vitenarkivet Munin. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jan Erik Frantsvåg, Per Pippin Aspaas https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5498 Fra abonnement til åpen tilgang 2020-09-29T21:02:51+02:00 Lene Ottesen lene.ottesen@uit.no Per mars 2020 har Norge 11 avtaler med akademiske forlag som sikrer umiddelbar åpen tilgang. UiT har sluttet seg til alle disse avtalene. I den spede begynnelse viser publiseringstallene at mer blir åpent tilgjengelig. Tidlige internasjonale erfaringer har pekt på det samme, men også at det koster. Avtalene oppfyller i store trekk nasjonale politiske krav og kravene i Plan S. Likevel er det usikkert hvilken retning vi beveger oss i. Avtaler med forlagene som inkluderer åpen tilgang bidrar til økt åpen publisering, men hvorvidt de også vil bidra til å redusere kostnader på sikt og å endre systemet gjenstår å se. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Lene Ottesen https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5499 Support for Good Peer Review in OJS-based Journals 2020-09-29T21:02:25+02:00 Aysa Ekanger aysa.ekanger@uit.no Solveig Enoksen none@ub.uit.no How can a library publishing service with limited resources help editorial teams of peer-reviewed journals in their work? This paper focuses on the technical aspects of the peer review workflow that, if set up and adhered to properly, can contribute to improving the standard of the peer review process – and to some degree also the quality of peer review. The discussion is based on the work done at Septentrio Academic Publishing, the institutional service provider for open access publishing at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Aysa Ekanger, Solveig Enoksen https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5507 The costly prestige ranking of scholarly journals 2020-09-29T21:00:13+02:00 Bård Smedsrød bard.smedsrod@uit.no Leif Longva leif.longva@uit.no The prestige ranking of scholarly journals is costly to science and to society. Researchers’ payoff in terms of career progress is determined largely from where they publish their findings, and less from the content of their scholarly work. This fact creates perverted incentives for the researchers. Valuable research time is spent in trying to satisfy reviewers and editors, rather than spending their time in the most productive direction. This in turn leads to unnecessary long time from research findings are made until they become public. This costly system is upheld by the scholarly community itself. Scholars supply the journals with time, serving as reviewers and editors without any paycheck asked, even though the bulk of scientific journals are published by big commercial enterprises enjoying super profit margins. The super profit results from expensive licensing deals with the scholarly institutions. The free labour offered, on top of the payment for the licensing deals, should be viewed as part of the payment to these publishers – a payment in kind. Why not use this as a negotiating chip towards the publishers? If a publisher asks more than acceptable for a licensing deal, rather than walk away with no deal, the scholarly institutions could pull out all the free labour offered by reviewers and editors. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Bård Smedsrød, Leif Longva https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5515 Seniorprosjektet 2017–2019 2020-09-29T20:58:02+02:00 Lars Figenschou lars.figenschou@uit.no God forvaltning og deling av forskningsdata er helt sentralt for å fremme transparens og kvalitet i forskningen. Seniorprosjektet (2017–2019) har tilbudt UiTs forskerseniorer hjelp med tilrettelegging av forskningsdata slik at dataene ikke går tapt. I samarbeid med den enkelte forsker har vi beskrevet datagrunnlaget og tilrettelagt for fremtidig åpen tilgang og publisering, der det har vært aktuelt. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Lars Figenschou https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5514 DataverseNO: A National, Generic Repository and its Contribution to the Increased FAIRness of Data from the Long Tail of Research 2020-09-29T20:58:28+02:00 Philipp Conzett philipp.conzett@uit.no Research data repositories play a crucial role in the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) ecosystem of digital objects. DataverseNO is a national, generic repository for open research data, primarily from researchers affiliated with Norwegian research organizations. The repository runs on the open-source software Dataverse. This article presents the organization and operation of DataverseNO, and investigates how the repository contributes to the increased FAIRness of small and medium sized research data. Sections 1 to 3 present background information about the FAIR Data Principles (section 1), how FAIR may be turned into reality (section 2), and what these principles and recommendations imply for data from the so-called long tail of research, i.e. small and medium-sized datasets that are often heterogenous in nature and hard to standardize (section 3). Section 4 gives an overview of the key organizational features of DataverseNO, followed by an evaluation of how well DataverseNO and the repository application Dataverse as such support the FAIR Data Principles (section 5). Section 6 discusses how sustainable and trustworthy the repository is. The article is rounded up in section 7 by a brief summary including a look into the future of the repository. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Philipp Conzett https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5509 The Tromsø Recommendations for Citation of Research Data in Linguistics 2020-09-29T20:59:21+02:00 Helene N. Andreassen helene.n.andreassen@uit.no The Tromsø Recommendations for Citation of Research Data in Linguistics were published in 2019, with a twofold objective: To provide a guide on how to cite research data in linguistics according to good practices, and to contribute to making linguistics a more transparent science. This paper presents the rationale behind the recommendations as well as the development process. The goal is to demonstrate how collaboration, engagement, and different types of expertise are crucial factors to progress towards a culture of sharing of knowledge. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Helene N. Andreassen https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5505 Open Polar 2020-09-29T21:01:06+02:00 Tamer Abu-Alam tamer.abu-alam@uit.no Data from the Polar Regions are of critical importance to modern research and decision makers. Regardless of their disciplinary and institutional affiliations, researchers rely heavily on the comparison of existing data with new data sets to assess changes that are taking effect. However, in a recent survey of 113 major polar data providers, we found that an estimated 60% of the existing polar research data is unfindable through common search engines and can only be accessed through institutional webpages. This raises an awareness sign of the need of the scientific community to harvest different metadata related to the Polar Regions and collect it in a homogenous, seamless database and making this database available to researchers, students and publics through one search platform. This contribution describes the progress in an ongoing project, Open Polar, started in 2019 at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. The project aims to collect metadata about all the open-access research data, articles and other scholarly documents related to the Polar Regions in a homogenous and seamless database. During the first six months of the project, the beta version of the user-interface was established, with a search by map and an advanced search function. An extensive geo-database that includes thousands of polar locations and their geographic information was collected from different sources. The geo-database together with a list of keywords (i.e. on sources, indigenous peoples, languages and other polar-related keywords) will be used in the filtration process. A Reference Board was formed, and the first board meeting took place in April 2020. The geographic definition of “Polar Regions” was defined in order to include most of the current geographic definitions of “Arctic”. The project is still facing some challenges that include for example integration with non-standard data sources who do not use Dublin Core Metadata schema, or are not harvestable through the Open Access Initiative’s standard protocol for harvesting (OAI-PMH). 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Tamer Abu-Alam https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5508 The Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing 2020-09-29T20:59:47+02:00 Leif Longva leif.longva@uit.no The series of annual Munin Conferences was born in 2006. This is a short history of how it happened, and how the conference has developed over the years, step by step, into one of the most important conferences in Europe within its scope. Scholarly publishing is an important part of, and a prerequisite for progress in research. The advent of the Internet has given options for dramatic changes in the process of publishing and the dissemination of research. This has given the Munin Conferences ample issues to debate over the years, and, most likely, the years to come. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Leif Longva https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5495 Åpen vitenskap og digital formidling 2020-09-29T21:03:17+02:00 Erik Lieungh none@ub.uit.no I denne artikkelen oppsummerer vi arbeidet med podkasten Open Science Talk, som ble skapt av Universitetsbiblioteket ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet høsten 2018. Dette er en engelskspråklig podkast om åpen vitenskap. Vi forteller litt om motivasjonen bak, hvilke tema vi dekket, hva vi oppnådde, og en kort refleksjon om dette var en god investering for å bedrive digital formidling. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Erik Lieungh https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5501 Hva med åpen læring? 2020-09-29T21:01:32+02:00 Mariann Løkse mariann.lokse@uit.no Nye erfaringer kan tvinge fram nye tanker og i noen tilfeller ny praksis. Våren 2020 ble et unikt semester på mange måter. Fra en dag til den neste ble digital undervisning normen og ordinære forelesninger og seminarer ble satt på pause. Kan vi bruke noen av disse erfaringene til å tenke nytt om deling av læringsressurser? Universitetsbiblioteket ønsker å knytte erfaringer fra det mangeårige arbeidet med åpen tilgang til forskning til de erfaringene som nå gjøres med digitalisering av undervisning. Er det på tide å tenke åpen undervisning på samme måte som vi tenker åpen forskning? Til tross for vesensforskjeller i både teori, metoder og praksis, ser vi også likheter som kan være med på å bane vei for en mer helhetlig tankegang omkring åpenhet i akademia. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Mariann Løkse https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/Ravne/article/view/5517 How we tried to JATS XML 2020-09-29T20:57:09+02:00 Obiajulu Odu obiajulu.odu@uit.no Aysa Ekanger aysa.ekanger@uit.no This is a story about how an Open Journal Systems-based library publishing service tried (and failed) to implement XML in one of its publications. We ran a small project to look at how journals we support could develop a JATS XML-based publishing workflow using existing open software tools. 2020-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Obiajulu Odu, Aysa Ekanger