Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora <p>Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica ('Classic Studies of the Northern Lights') is a series of digitized books, with&nbsp;introductions in the form of&nbsp;biographical&nbsp;essays and detailed summaries of contents. All content is Open Access. High resolution images are available upon request.</p> Septentrio Academic Publishing en-US Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica 2535-7425 Friedrich Christoph Mayer and his theory of the aurora borealis https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5786 <p>The eleventh volume in the series presents two articles on the aurora borealis by Friedrich Christoph Mayer (1697–1729), a mathematician at the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. The first paper, titled “De Luce Boreali” (On the Northern Light), was presented during a session at the newly founded Academy in October 1726. It was printed two years later (1728) in the very first volume of its official periodical, the <em>Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae</em>. The second paper, also bearing the title “De Luce Boreali”, constitutes the author’s ‘second thoughts’ on the matter. It was presented during a session in October 1728 but was not printed until after Mayer’s death, in the fifth volume of the <em>Commentarii </em>(1735). Both papers are included in facsimile in this issue of <em>Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica.</em></p> <p>Eric Chassefière, member of the <em>Histoire des sciences astronomiques</em> team of the SYRTE laboratory at the Observatoire de Paris, has written an introduction to Mayer’s life and works with a special emphasis on his theory of the aurora borealis. In his introduction, Chassefière also recounts how Mayer’s theory was received by other eighteenth-century savants.</p> Eric Chassefière Copyright (c) 2021 Eric Chassefière 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 11 1 5 10.7557/16.5786 De Luce Boreali https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5785 <p>This is Friedrich Christoph Mayer's second article "De Luce Boreali" (On the Nothern Light), as published in the <em>Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae </em>Tomus IV ad annum 1729 (printed 1735).</p> Friedrich Christoph Mayer Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 11 121 130 10.7557/16.5785 De Luce Boreali https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5784 <p>This is Friedrich Christoph Mayer's first article "De Luce Boreali" (On the Nothern Light), as published in the <em>Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae </em>Tomus I ad annum 1726 (printed 1728).</p> Friedrich Christoph Mayer Copyright (c) 2021 Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 11 351 367 10.7557/16.5784 Dansk Folkekalender for 1841 https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5706 <p>This is the entire issue of <em>Dansk Folkekalender 1841</em>, as published by Selskabet for Trykkefrihedens rette Brug [Society for the Proper Use of the Freedom of the Press] in 1840.</p> Selskabet for Trykkefrihedens rette Brug Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-25 2020-11-25 11 i xxiv; 1-180 10.7557/16.5706 Translation of Ørsted's unsigned article on 'Nordlyset' (1840) https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5663 <p>English translation of Ørsted's original article.</p> Kira Moss Copyright (c) 2020 Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 11 1 10 10.7557/16.5663 Nordlyset https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5662 <p>This is the unsigned article 'Nordlyset' (The Northern Light), written by Hans Christian Ørsted, as published in <em>Dansk Folkekalender </em>for the year 1841 (published 1840).</p> Hans Christian Ørsted Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 11 171 180 10.7557/16.5662 Introduction and Summary of Contents https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5661 <p>The tenth volume in the series presents a hitherto overlooked item in the oeuvre of the famous discoverer of electromagnetism, Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851). A highly influential figure in cutting-edge science internationally, Ørsted was also active as a populariser of various kinds of academic discoveries and theories within nineteenth-century Denmark. However, no separate publication on the aurora borealis by Ørsted has been known until now. It is in one of the many contemporary collections of miscellanies for the general public – namely, in <em>Dansk Folkekalender </em>for the year 1841 (printed 1840) – that Kira Moss has discovered his unsigned article on “Nordlyset” [The Northern Light]. In her introduction, Moss presents evidence of Ørsted’s authorship, contextualises the place of the northern lights in Denmark in the period known as Romanticism, and presents a detailed summary of his own theory. As a supplement, she provides a complete English translation of Ørsted’s article.</p> Kira Moss Copyright (c) 2020 Aurorae Borealis Studia Classica 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 11 1 12 10.7557/16.5661 Letter to the Editor https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5382 Unto K. Laine Copyright (c) 2020 Unto K. Laine 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 11 1 1 10.7557/16.5382 Biographical Introduction and Summary of Contents https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5364 <p>In this introduction, MA student Laura Massini Nielsen analyses the role of the aurora borealis in <em>Biergtrolden </em>(The Mountain Troll), the very first poem of the seminal debut collection of <em>Digte</em> (Poems) by the Danish Romantic author Adam Oehlenschläger. The article begins with a biographical introduction, followed by a short overview of the Danish Golden Age that provides context for the reader. Massini Nielsen then briefly outlines Oehlenschläger’s works and, in conclusion, focuses on the poem <em>Biergtrolden</em> and on the role of the aurora borealis in it.</p> Laura Massini Nielsen Copyright (c) 2020 Laura Massini Nielsen 2020-02-29 2020-02-29 11 1 10 10.7557/16.5364 The Mountain Troll https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/aurora/article/view/5363 <p>This translation follows the first printed version of Adam Oehlenschläger’s <em>Biergtrolden</em>, as published in <em>Digte </em>(Poems, 1803).</p> Per Pippin Aspaas Copyright (c) 2020 Per Pippin Aspaas 2020-02-29 2020-02-29 11 1 7 10.7557/16.5363