@article{Eberhardt_1991, title={Models of ungulate population dynamics}, volume={11}, url={https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer/article/view/989}, DOI={10.7557/2.11.4.989}, abstractNote={A useful theory for analyzing ungulate population dynamics is available in the form of equations based on the work of A. J. Lotka. Because the Leslie matrix model yields identical results and is widely known, it is convenient to label the resulting equations as the "Lotka-Leslie" model. The approach is useful for assessing population trends and attempting to predict the outcomes of various management actions. A broad list of applications to large mammals, and two examples specific to caribou are presented with a simple spreadsheet approach to calculations.}, number={4}, journal={Rangifer}, author={Eberhardt, L. L.}, year={1991}, month={Oct.}, pages={24–29} }