Rangifer https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer Rangifer is the world's only scientific journal dealing exclusively with biology and management of arctic and northern ungulates, reindeer and caribou in particular. Rangifer publishes original research papers, review articles and brief communications in all themes and fields related to the animal reindeer/caribou and reindeer husbandry as culture and industry, and also papers on other northern ungulates. en-US <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>SV</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark /> <w:EnableOpenTypeKerning /> <w:DontFlipMirrorIndents /> <w:OverrideTableStyleHps /> </w:Compatibility> <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel> <m:mathPr> <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math" /> <m:brkBin m:val="before" /> <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-" /> <m:smallFrac m:val="off" /> <m:dispDef /> <m:lMargin m:val="0" /> <m:rMargin m:val="0" /> <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup" /> <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440" /> <m:intLim m:val="subSup" /> <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr" /> </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-family: 'Verdana','sans-serif'; color: black; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;" lang="EN-US">Authors retain copyright and grant Rangifer<em> </em>irrevocable and non-exclusive right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). This means, among other things, that anyone is free to copy and distribute the content, as long as they give proper credit to the author(s) and the journal. 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font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} --> <!--[endif] --> rangifer@slu.se (Eva Wiklund) septentrio@ub.uit.no (Septentrio Academic Publishing) Thu, 14 Jan 2021 22:56:37 +0100 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Monitoring recovery of overgrazed lichen communities on Hagemeister Island, southwestern Alaska https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer/article/view/5340 <p>Understanding the recovery rate of overgrazed lichen communities has value to mangers of lands in northern regions.&nbsp; We describe lichen community composition and present recovery rate measurements for a 12-year period following overgrazing by reindeer (<em>Rangifer tarandus</em>) on Hagemeister Island, Alaska.&nbsp; Reindeer were removed from the island in 1993 following overgrazing and average total lichen biomass increased from 504.2 kg/ha (SD 205.4) in 2003 to 795.3 (SD 489.6) in 2015. &nbsp;We estimate time to recovery with three competing growth curves which estimate grazeable biomass may be reached in 34-41 years.&nbsp; However, estimates of full recovery to climax biomass varied among the models, ranging from 71 to 400 years.&nbsp;&nbsp; In 2015, lichen communities were composed of various mixtures of at least 78 lichen taxa, and were dominated by <em>Cladina stygia</em> and other important reindeer forage species.&nbsp;&nbsp; While reindeer overgrazing diminished forage quantity, it did not extirpate preferred forage taxa.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Patrick Walsh, Trevor Goward Copyright (c) 2021 Patrick Walsh, Trevor Goward http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ https://septentrio.uit.no/index.php/rangifer/article/view/5340 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 15:53:19 +0100