# Evaluating the Robustness of Defense Mechanisms based on AutoEncoder Reconstructions against Carlini-Wagner Adversarial Attacks

## DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7557/18.5173## Keywords:

adversarial examples, variational autoencoders, denoising autoencoders## Abstract

Adversarial Examples represent a serious problem affecting the security of machine learning systems. In this paper we focus on a defense mechanism based on reconstructing images before classification using an autoencoder. We experiment on several types of autoencoders and evaluate the impact of strategies such as injecting noise in the input during training and in the latent space at inference time.

We tested the models on adversarial examples generated with the Carlini-Wagner attack, in a white-box scenario and on the stacked system composed by the autoencoder and the classifier.

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