How should we share research data?

Recommendations from the Norwegian committee on sharing and reuse of research data




Open Science, licensing, research data, Open Data, FAIR



One of the central aspects of Open Science is to make research outputs accessible. From Open Access to scientific publications, the perspective has widened to also include other results, such as research data. Open Data is an important part of ensuring reproducible research, as well as enabling reuse of research data. When making research data publicly available, a licence should be applied, describing restrictions and permissions for reuse. But how do you decide what licence to use for research data, to ensure that it is “As open as possible, as closed as necessary”? Who has the rights to research data in publicly funded research? What data should be published, and what data needs to be kept confidential?

In 2020, the Ministry of Education and Research asked the Research Council of Norway and UNIT to set up a committee to examine issues related to rights and licensing of research data.

In this presentation, members of the committee will highlight and discuss some of the recommendations in the final report. To ensure Open and FAIR research data, the legal aspects must be clarified. In addition, the committee has highlighted several other aspects that need to be addressed in order to achieve more sharing and reuse of research data, including funding incentives, infrastructure and tools, as well as resources and competence.

Author Biographies

Jan Magnus Aronsen, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet

1) Department of Molecular Medicine, IMB, University of Oslo 2) Department of Pharmacology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet

Magnus Aronsen leder et utvalg oppnevnt av Kunnskapsdepartementet for å utrede rettighets- og lisensspørsmål ved deling av forskningsdata. Utvalget vil utarbeide et notat basert på utvalgets diskusjoner og et forslag til nasjonale retningslinjer for deling av forskningsdata høsten 2021. Han er i tillegg førsteamanuensis i medisin på Universitetet i Oslo og styremedlem i Norges Forskningsråd.


Ingrid Heggland, NTNU (Norwegian University of Science and Technology)

Ingrid Heggland is a Senior Research Librarian at NTNU University Library, and is a member of the Norwegian committee on sharing and reuse of data. At NTNU University Library she works on implementing the institutional Open Science Policy and providing support, tools and services enabling Open and FAIR research.

Stein Tronstad, Norwegian Polar Institute

Stein Tronstad is the head of the Environmental Data Section and the Norwegian Polar Data Centre at the Norwegian Polar Institute. Besides serving the Institute’s data management needs, the section acts as the Norwegian National Antarctic Data Centre. Tronstad is representing Norway in the joint IASC/SAON Arctic Data Committee (ADC), as well as the SCAR Standing Committee on Antarctic Data Management (SCADM). Recently, in addition to his involvement in the Norwegian Committee on Sharing and Reuse of Research Data, he has been leading an international process to develop core principles for alignment of polar data policies.

Ole Petter Pedersen, Teknisk Ukeblad

Editor of Teknisk ukeblad (Tech Weekly), Norway's main tech news site. Has been active working for increased insight into public and government databases, and increased transparency in general.