Connecting open data to open access publishing

TU Delft library perspective




open data, open access publishing, open science, research impact, institutional support


Open data is becoming more and more a recognised research output in the research life cycle. Research validation and replication depend on open data which enriches the research output. Open data goes beyond the traditional article and book publishing format. As such open data reinforces Open Access (OA) publishing, and OA publishing reinforces open data. Open data and OA publishing stimulate collaboration and increase both the impact of research findings and the visibility of researchers and research groups.  

In the past years, funders and institutions developed independently policies that support open data and OA publishing. Researchers are increasingly required to publish OA and make their data open. The question is how we can evaluate the impact of Open data on OA publishing. Subsequently, to what extent does OA publishing influence open data? At the TU Delft, 82% of peer-reviewed articles and 71% of conference papers are published OA in 2021, but how many of those publications refer to open data? We have no records and no traceability processes in place to answer this question. As a consequence, few datastewards took on themselves to count manually the number of OA publications that include open data. It is nevertheless clear some changes need to occur to help open data and OA publishing joining forces. 

The current challenges and barriers faced could be reduced with an increase in OA research outputs (OA books or educational resources), a change in research culture and a change in reviewers’ practices. Recognising and rewarding data publishing; credit data review activities; developing a different workflow of the review process if including data review and requiring different expertise from the reviewers on the data review (data management and research insights) are realistic options. In parallel, new features of innovation for the publishing platform (open data review workflow, link to datasets for download) and for data repositories (quality badge on reviewed datasets, flexibility of incorporating review changes) are worth exploring.

There are few possible solutions or workaround available that could help all. We can make it easy for the researchers by connecting different blocks of open science and optimising the benefits with the Data Access Statement (DAS) as a standard section of the article template and with publishers providing a DAS template with basic requirements. For institutions, having a dashboard connecting all research outputs with DOIs together will be very beneficial. Another option is giving authors control of their publications by publishing their findings in an open peer-reviewed community-driven journal.

Our framework for connecting open data to OA publishing includes an OA publishing platform, data and publication repositories, a funding policy for OA publishing, expertise in Open Science and research lifecycle; and collaboration.


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Author Biographies

Frederique Belliard, Research support | TU Delft Library

Frederique Belliard gained her PhD in chemistry at the University of St Andrews in Scotland. She joined the TU Delft library in 2019 to manage TU Delft OPEN Publishing- the newly established open access academic publisher of the University. She is an open science ambassador and provides advice to researchers on open access publishing. She helps researchers make their publications discoverable and visible with impact. Frédérique works on connecting open access, open data and citizen science to open publishing. She co-developed an open-access community-driven journal that supports open peer review and novel types of publications. 

Just de Leeuwe, Research support | TU Delft Library

Just de Leeuwe graduated as historian at the University of Amsterdam and has a degree in information management at Erasmus University. Since 2001 he has worked at TU Delft Library in various roles. Today he is a publishing advisor consulting researchers on open access, copyright issues, scientific integrity and plagiarism. He develops open access models within TU Delft OPEN Publishing and with external publishers in order to support TU Delft researchers with their institutional and funder mandates. Just was appointed as the Dutch National Open Access Desk for the OpenAIRE programme 2018–2021 and in that role, he was involved in the national framework for monitoring open access publications. 

Yan Wang, Research data services | TU Delft Library

Yan Wang is an information management researcher by training and obtained her PhD from Tilburg University. She currently works as the Data Stewardship coordinator at TU Delft Library and serves on the advisory board of the TU Delft OPEN Publishing. Her work focuses on enabling the organizational capability to embed data governance and management practices into operational workflows, engaging with different academic professional services on Open Science practices, and establishing the professional role of Data Stewards in the evolving academic systems. 


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How to Cite

Belliard, F., de Leeuwe, J., & Wang, Y. (2022). Connecting open data to open access publishing: TU Delft library perspective. Septentrio Conference Series, (1).