Peer review and its discontents
See video of the presentation
Science is a community enterprise. Its quality control is expert judgement, which makes it necessary for peers to assess peers. For this reason, the organization of scholarly research is highly susceptible to social biases which conflict with scientific objectivity. Such biases, when unrecognized, interfere with knowledge discovery.
In my talk I will explain that the scientific system presently operates extremely inefficiently because individuals’ incentives are not aligned with the systems’ purpose. I will identify four types of pressure: time pressure, financial pressure, peer pressure, and public pressure, and argue that these skew researchers’ interests. Top-down solutions cannot solve this problem, but, as I will explain in my talk, scientists themselves must take initiative.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).