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Author Guidelines


Authors must submit one electronic copy of the manuscript in Microsoft Word (.doc or docx) format through the NAMMCO Scientific Publications site,‌/NAMMCOSP. You must first register as a user, then follow instructions provided on the site.

Manuscripts should be typed, 1.5-spaced, and single-sided with 2.5 cm margins. The manuscript should contain the following sections:


Author’s names should include first name (or initials), middle name (or initials), and last name. Each author should include affiliation information, including department, university or organization, and location including city, state/province (if applicable), and country. One author should be designated as the “corresponding author,” and an email address should be included.


The paper must include an abstract not exceeding 350 words. It should include information on the objectives, methods, principal results and major conclusions of the study. Do not use citations in the abstract.


During the submission process, you will be asked to list 8-10 keywords that can be used by search engines for finding for your paper.

Body of the article

The body of the article follows on a new page after abstract and citation. Papers reporting original research should be organised in sections entitled Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion. Review articles may deviate from this format. 

The Introduction should include the motivation or purpose of the research, and state questions to be answered.

The Materials and Methods section should provide sufficient information to allow someone to repeat the work. A clear description of the experimental design, sampling procedures, and statistical procedures should be included.

The Results should be stated concisely and without interpretation.

In the Discussion section, the results of the study should be interpreted and differentiated from those of other sources.

Acknowledgements should be placed under their own heading just before the References.

Citations and References

As a general rule, only published material should be cited and included in the References. Citation of unpublished written material, for example working group papers, may be acceptable at the discretion of the editors. Such citations should not be used to support critical components of the article. It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to cite unpublished material.

Citation of personal observations (pers. obs.), personal communications (pers. comm.) or unpublished data are acceptable at the discretion of the editors. Such citations should not be used to support critical components of the article, and should not be listed in the References. They may be cited in the text as pers. obs. (by the author of the present paper), pers. comm. (from others) or unpubl. data. For either of the latter two cases, the complete contact address of the author of the material should be given.

All citations should be carefully checked in the text and compared with the information in the References, which should only include literature actually cited in the text.

Citations in the text should be given in parentheses and should include the surname(s) of the author(s) and the year for up to 2 authors (Lydersen and Kovacs 1992), and surname et al. and year for more than 2 authors (Nordøy et al. 1995). Multiple citations should be arranged chronologically and alphabetically for the same year (Sergeant 1965, Bowen et al. 1987, Desportes et al. 1993, Stenson et al. 1993).

Authors names should always be written in full in the List of References, even when more articles by the same author are cited. Surnames always precede initials.

Titles of articles cited should be written completely and in sentence case. The title of the journal should be abbreviated and written in italics. When symposia and conference proceedings are cited, the publisher’s name and location should be provided.

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of all citations both in the text and in the List of References. Use the following examples to format your references.

References that have a doi or Stable URL must include them in the reference list. Follow the format in the following examples:

For periodicals:

Goudet, J., Perrin, N. and Waser, P. 2002. Tests for sex-biased dispersal using bi-parentally inherited genetic markers. Mol. Ecol. 11(6):1103-1114. doi:‌2002.01496.x

Guo, S.W. and Thompson, E.A. 1992. Performing the exact test for Hardy-Weinberg proportion for multiple alleles. Biometrics 48(2):361-372. Stable URL:

For papers authored by organizations:

[IWC] International Whaling Commission. 1996. Report of the Sub-Committee on the Small Cetaceans. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 46:160-179.

         (note: the acronym in square brackets appears in the citation in the text, but not in the reference list) 

For “in press” articles in journals, year of publication known:

Witting, L. and Born, E. (2013) Population dynamics of walruses in          Greenland. NAMMCO Sci. Pubs., in press. 

For books: 

Härkönen, T. 1986. Guide to the otoliths of the bony fishes of the Northeast Atlantic. Danbiu ApS., Hellerup, 256 pp. 

For edited books:

Rødseth, T., editor. 1998. Models for multispecies management. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg. 246 pp. 

For papers in edited books:

Ekker, M., Vongraven, D., Jenssen, B.M., and Silverstone, M. 1995. Assessment of the vulnerability of grey seals to oil contamination at Froan, Norway. In: Blix, A.S., Walløe, L. and Ulltang, Ø. (eds.); Whales, seals, fish and man. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, 623-628.

For theses: 

Barros, P. (MS) 1995. Quantitative studies on recruitment variations in Norwegian Spring-Spawning herring (Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758), with special emphasis on the juvenile stage [Dr. Scient thesis]. University of Bergen, 143 pp. 

For citations of other types of sources contact the editor(s). 

When referring to articles written in languages other than English, give the title in the original language followed by an English translation of the title in brackets: 

Ognetov G.N., Potelov V.A. 1978. Dynamika zakhodov belukhi v Beloje more (Dynamics of the migration of white whales into the White Sea). Ekologija 4:78-85. In Russian. 


Manuscripts with equations should key the equations using the Insert → Equation function in Microsoft Word .docx documents. If using an older version of Microsoft Word, use the Equation editor function. 

Figures and tables 

Figures must be submitted as separate electronic files as high resolution TIFF files even if they are embedded in the manuscript. For information on how to convert other file types to TIFF format, see this webpage: 

Multi-panel figures (those with parts A, B, C, and D) and multi-part figures should be submitted as a single file that contains all parts of the figure (i.e., pieces of the figure cannot be separated when copy/pasted, etc.). Label each section. 

Figures and tables must be referred to in the text of the article, as in the following examples: (Fig. 1); (Table 2); "Figure 3 illustrates..."; " shown in Table 4". 

The legends should be short, precise, informative and strictly connected to the individual figure/table, to facilitate reading out of context with the body text. 

Figures and tables should be numbered consecutively in 2 series, one for figures and another for tables. Ensure that the lettering will be readable with the required reductions. 

The style of figures and tables should be uniform and the text should be written in the same style as the general body text. Sample figures and tables are shown in Figure 1 and Table 1. 

Tables should be prepared using the Table facility of your word processing program, or using a spreadsheet program. Do not format tables using spaces and tabs. Use the minimum number of horizontal and vertical dividing lines necessary for clarity. Ensure that the decimal points of numbers in columns are aligned. Tables should be combined whenever feasible to reduce redundancies. 

Tables submitted for publication should be included at the very end of the article file in a format such as .doc, .rtf, or .tex 

Supplementary Files 

Extensive or detailed data sets or statistical information may be included as Supplementary Files. Tables or other files for Supplementary Files should be submitted through the journal website as separate files in any of the following formats : Word (.doc), Excel (.xls), PDF, PPT, JPG, EPS, or TIFF.




Headings should adhere to the following format:

PRIMARY HEADING (all capitals, bold, blank line before and after)

Secondary heading (sentence case, bold, blank line before but not after)

Tertiary heading (sentence case, italics, blank line before but not after)

4th heading (sentence case, blank line before but not after)

5th heading (sentence case, underlined, blank line before but not after) 



Nouns and collective terms should be written in small letters (seals, beaked whales, monodontids). Hyphens should be used in such terms (strap‑toothed whale, short‑snouted spinner dolphin), but do not hyphenate words at the end of lines.

Descriptive terms and jargon that may be familiar only to specialists should be avoided.

Italics should be used to highlight words in foreign languages, including scientific names and symbols for all variables and constants except Greek letters.

Provide scientific names of all organisms the first time they are mentioned; afterwards the common English names should be used.

Footnotes are not accepted.

Measurements and their designated abbreviations should be given according to the International System of Units (SI), but if the original measurements are made in non‑SI units, the actual values and the units should be given with SI equivalents inserted in parentheses at appropriate points.

Abbreviations of statistical terms should conform to the sixth edition of the CBE Style Manual (may be purchased from the Council of Biology Editors, 111 e. Wacker Drive, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60601‑4298 USA), which is recommended for details of style.

Numbers should be written as in the following examples: 1; 1.21; 1,000; 1,000,000. In scientific text, Arabic numerals should be used in preference to words when the numbers designates anything that can be counted or measured (e.g. 3 hypotheses, 7 samples). Ordinal numbers are treated in the same manner as cardinal numbers (e.g. 5th, 3rd). Numerals are also used to designate mathematical relationships such as ratios and multiplication factors (e.g. 5:1, 1000 times (or 1000×), 4-fold).

One of the exceptions to the use of numerals is that numerals are not used to begin a sentence. The second exception is when 2 numeric expressions are adjacent in a sentence. The number easiest to express in words should be spelled out and the other left in numeric form. In general it is preferable to retain the numeric form with units of measurement.

All pages, beginning with the title page, should be numbered in the bottom right.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. All illustrations, figures, and tables are included as separate files in the appropriate electronic format (see author guidelines).
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  • Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.