En revolution i offentligheten: om lärda tidskrifter i Europa under tidigmodern tid och om hur svensk vetenskap representerades i dem

Authors

  • Ingemar Oscarsson

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7557/4.2397

Keywords:

scientific periodicals, republic of letters, Acta literaria Sueciæ, Handlingar

Abstract

The birth and rapid progress of scientific periodicals during the closing decades of the seventeenth century was a process that entailed new challenges for scholars and had many implications for the relations between the republic of letters and society as a whole. From this point forward, stronger demands were placed upon scholars to publicly account for their findings, as well as to improve their ability to communicate their research to a general audience. Inherent in this process was the gradual development of a new genre, the modern scientific article, together with spin-off forms like reviews, summaries, and abstracts. In Sweden, the quarterly Acta literaria Sueciæ (Uppsala, 1720-1729) was pioneering in its ambition to give Swedish scholarship a more conspicuous place in the learned world than it had been bestowed in foreign journals. In this the Latin Acta did experience some success, but a more comprehensive breakthrough for Swedish learning in the European media came during the next few decades, reflecting the country's prosperity in the natural sciences. Of vital importance for this breakthrough was, beginning in 1739, the quarterly Handlingar (written in the vernacular) of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which was extensively translated and reviewed abroad. In the francophone sphere, however, its reception lagged in comparison to what was the case in the German area, and in the renowned Journal des savants, the Swedish journal was practically disregarded for many years. Then, in the 1770s and 1780s, it unexpectedly became the subject of a rather intense series of reviews composed by French intermediaries who took pains to learn Swedish. The article concludes with several examples of their techniques for transmitting the contents of Handlingar through the use of summaries, paraphrases, and translations.

Author Biography

Ingemar Oscarsson

INGEMAR OSCARSSON (b. 1942), docent emeritus, Department of Comparative Literature, Lund University. He has worked mainly in the field of press history, analysing the serial novel in early nineteenth-century Swedish newspapers, the early feuilleton in the French press, and the eighteenth-century system of international news distribution and propaganda. He has contributed chapters on the eighteenth-century press in several Swedish and French collections and overviews. The present essay stems from his participation as researcher in residence in the project Les périodiques savants dans l'Europe des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles (European Science Foundation; final report forthcoming).

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Published

2011-10-01