Neighboring houses: Report from an archaeological trench at Store Sandvika, Hasvik, Finnmark
In august of 2018, a minor excavation was made across two adjoining Stone Age house pit features at the newly discovered site of Store Sandvika (Site ID: 221255, Hasvik municipality, Finnmark county), as part of the Stone Age Demographics project at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. The objectives mainly concerned:
- To look for stratigraphically identifiable features useful for the understanding of house contemporaneity and the identification of multiple occupation phases.
- To look for the preservation of organics, such as bone/wood tools or organic refuse.
- To identify datable material from multiple horizons within each house.
Shoreline displacement suggests that the terrace was suitable for habitation already at the earliest post-glacial colonization, and that the isostatic uplift made the lower laying terrace of 12-10 masl inhabitable by approx. 10.000 years ago (cal BP). However, the transgression of the entire lower terrace would make the upper terrace into the only inhabitable surface in the Store Sandvika bay for millennia. This now also appears to be confirmed by the dates produced from the site.
Datable material was only retrievable from one of the houses, all centering on 3600 BC. The lack of datable material from the other house made it difficult to determine questions of contemporaneity and temporal relatedness, yet stratigraphic evidence suggest variable age and possible reuse of the houses given the stark variation in peat thickness covering the adjoining houses, as well as the apparent secondary dug-down in one of the houses.
Repeated reuse of the site seems likely based on both the identification of debitage from chert/silicified slate below the house floor of what stratigraphically speaking should be the oldest house – as well as dates most likely indicating tightly spaced, yet separate habitation events. No artifacts or debitage whatsoever was uncovered within the house areas. The dates should imply that the houses most likely would contain rich slate tool inventories as is common for house features of this period. The lack of finds may solely be credited to the very minimal spatial extent of the investigation – however specific waste management practices favored by the steep and ocean-front terrace, may also contribute to less within house debitage.
The report ends with a contextualization of the site focusing on the specificity of Younger Stone Age sites located atop fluvial deltas elevated significantly above contemporaneous sea level and factors that might affect the data catchment and inventories from such sites – such as waste management practices.
Clark, John (1991). Flintknapping and debitage disposal among the Lacandon Maya of Chiapas, Mexico. In The Ethnoarchaeology of Refuse Disposal, edited by Edward Staski and Sutro Livingston.
Damm, Charlotte Brysting, Marianne Skandfer, and Peter D. Jordan (2021). Peopling Prehistoric Coastlines: Identifying Mid-Holocene Forager Settlement Strategies in Northern Norway. Journal of Maritime Archaeology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11457-021-09316-x
Hesjedal, Anders, Charlotte Damm, Bjørnar Olsen, and Inger Storli (1996). Arkeologi på Slettnes: dokumentasjon av 11.000 års bosetning. Tromsø Museums Skrifter XXVI. Tromsø museum, Tromsø.
Jørgensen, Erlend Kirkeng (2017). Om vegetasjonsforstyrrelser: Konsekvenser for bevaringen av arkeologisk kontekstinformasjon i norske jordsmonn. Viking 80(0):157–180. https://doi.org/10.5617/viking.5477
Jørgensen, Erlend Kirkeng, and Felix Riede (2019). Convergent catastrophes and the termination of the Arctic Norwegian Stone Age: A multi-proxy assessment of the demographic and adaptive responses of mid-Holocene collectors to biophysical forcing. The Holocene 29(11):1782–1800. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683619862036
Retallack, Gregory J. (2001). Soils of the Past. 2 edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford ; Malden, MA. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470698716
Simonsen, Povl (1961). Varanger-funnene II Fund og udgravninger på fjordens sydkyst. Tromsø Museums Skrifter II. Tromsø Museum, Tromsø.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Erlend Kirkeng Jørgensen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Grant numbers 261760