Psychological verbs and their arguments

Daria Seres, M.Teresa Espinal

Full Text:




transitive subject experiencer psychological verbs; individual object entities; Catalan; Spanish; English; Russian; kinds; individuals; plurals; reference


In this paper it is argued that objects of subject experiencer psychological verbs do not have kind reference, but rather refer to individual object entities: specific individuals, generic plurals, and even entity correlates of a property. We argue that objects of transitive subject experiencer psychological verbs must refer to atoms or sums of atoms, because they presuppose the existence of the Target-of-Emotion. Focusing mainly on data from various Romance languages and Russian, we also argue that the Target-of-emotion of psychological verbs such as odiar ‘hate’ cannot refer to a kind entity, conceived as an abstract individual or an abstract sortal concept, but instead can refer to a maximal sum of individual entities, instantiated through a generic plural.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 M. Teresa Espinal, Daria Seres Guillen

License URL: