Морфологическая производность

Lennart Lönngren

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7557/6.4288

Keywords

Russian, word-formation, valency

Abstract

In this paper, I take as my starting point traditional study of word-forma­tion, i.e. word pairs like sadsadness, bakebaker, where the mem­bers are connected formally as well as seman­tically. Besides, there is a difference in com­plexity, based on which each pair is ordered, di­rec­tional.

However, this traditional approach is changed in such a way that the analysis is based entirely on valency properties and semantic relationship is restricted to that of equivalence. So instead of analysing pairs like staryj (‘old’) – starik (‘old man’) I prefer equivalent pairs like staryj muščina (old + man) – starik.

The investigation is carried through not only on the word level, but also on the phrase and sen­tence levels, including (as in the example just given) pairs where the members belong to different levels.

Special attention is paid to pairs where the secondary member contains a copula, for example Mašinu vel Ivan (‘The car was driven by Ivan) – Voditelem mašiny byl Ivan (‘The driver of the car was Ivan’).

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Copyright (c) 2018 Lennart Lönngren

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/