Experimental infection of reindeer with bovine viral diarrhea virus

  • J.K. Morton Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775, USA. The authors' present address is Green Valley Veterinary Services, 1483 Green Valley Road, Watsonville, California, 95076, USA.
  • J.F. Evermann Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine and Surgery and Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, 99164, USA
  • R.A. Dieterich Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska, 99775, USA. The authors' present address: Green Valley Veterinary Services, 1483 Green Valley Road, Watsonville, California, 95076, USA.
Keywords: reindeer, Rangifer, bovine viral diarrhea, BVD, respiratory, disease

Abstract

Two 8-month reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) and a 1-month-old Hereford-Holstein calf (Bos taurus) were inoculated intranasally with the Singer (cytopathogenic) strain of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus. Clinical signs in reindeer included loose stools containing blood and mucus, and transient laminitis or coronitis. Signs in the calf were limited to bloody mucus in the stool and lesions in the nasal mucosa. Antibody titers to BVD virus in the reindeer were intermittent, and titers in the calf persisted from days 14 to 63 post-inoculation (PI). Viremia was detected on PI day 4 in one reindeer, days 3-7 in the other, and days 2-7 in the calf. Bovine viral diarrhea virus was isolated from the lung of the calf at necropsy (PI day 63).
Published
1990-08-01
How to Cite
MortonJ., EvermannJ., & DieterichR. (1990). Experimental infection of reindeer with bovine viral diarrhea virus. Rangifer, 10(2), 75-77. https://doi.org/10.7557/2.10.2.797
Section
Articles