The Soviet Union and Soviet citizens in Finnish magazines

  • Tuija Saarinen Karelian Institute, University of Eastern Finland

Sammendrag

The focus of this article’s is to study Finnish popular journalism in 1970s and 1980s. A magazine studied in this article is Hymy (Smile), and it has been estimated that in the beginning of 1970s approximately the whole literary population of Finland read it. The purpose of this study is to analyze the different images Hymy created and published of the Soviet Union and the Soviet citizens. The central research question analyzes what kinds of issues Hymy published about the Soviet Union and its citizens before 1991. This study gives special attention to the reasons why the articles were written in the first place, and secondly, what was the nature of their content.

       Hymy published 224 articles on the Soviet Union. The articles were mostly written in the spirit of criticism – not in the spirit of “friendship of the peoples” that was the official political stance of Finland toward the Soviet Union. Magazines had to be aware of the official Finnish political rhetoric concerning the relationship with the Soviet Union. Hymy as a popular magazine found a way to evade the official mandate. In Hymy, people were able to read anti-Soviet sentiments without any censoring. Therefore, Hymy not only provided its readers views and beliefs that expressed the popular beliefs and values, but also sympathized with them. The Cold War era in the 1970s and 1980s was still a post-traumatic period for Finns. The magazine Hymy was an important channel to publish stories on painful, embarrassing, and tragic subjects.

Forfatterbiografi

Tuija Saarinen, Karelian Institute, University of Eastern Finland
Instituttleder Institutt for kultur og litteratur, Fakultet for humaniora, samfunnsvitenskap og lærerutdanning
Publisert
2014-07-16
Hvordan referere
Saarinen, Tuija. 2014. «The Soviet Union and Soviet Citizens in Finnish Magazines». Nordlit, nr. 31 (juli), 91-108. https://doi.org/10.7557/13.3058.
Seksjon
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