The effect of temporal sampling regime on the characterization of home range for female boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Labrador, Canada

  • Alexandre L. Vignault Rasiulis Department of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa. Correponding author: Université Laval, Pavillon Alexandre-Vachon, 1045 avenue de la Médecine, Québec (QC) G1V 0A6
  • Isabelle Schmelzer Wildlife Division, Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Christian G. Wright Wildlife Division, Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Keywords: fidelity, home range, monitoring regime, Rangifer tarandus caribou, temporal scale

Abstract

Our objective was to determine the influence of temporal sampling regime on the characteristics of individual female caribou home ranges and to explore implications of these findings to the conservation of caribou. The study population was 24 adult female caribou monitored for between 4 and 11 consecutive years between 1986 and 2009 from the Red Wine Mountain (RWM) and Lac Joseph (LJ) herds of boreal caribou in Labrador. We evaluated the influence of length of the monitoring period on the size of home ranges and fidelity of caribou to their ranges by measuring the percent overlap of multi-annual ranges on the total time period a caribou was collared and by calculating displacement between centroids of annual and multi-annual ranges for a given caribou. We found that the size of the range increased with each additional year of monitoring—initially at a rate greater than 20% per year, and then more slowly until an asymptote was reached after 7 years. The distance ratio declined with an increase in the monitoring interval until after approximately 6 years of monitoring. Finally, we evaluated trade-offs between monitoring interval and sample size by measuring the proportion of the total herd range captured by multi-annual ranges for given monitoring interval and sample size combinations. Caribou with the longest monitoring interval inevitably captured the greatest portion of the range at each given sample size. Only monitoring intervals of 4 years or greater captured more than 65% of the herd range even when sample size was doubled for shorter monitoring intervals. Our results suggest that long term monitoring is important when defining the extent of caribou ranges.
Published
2012-03-08
How to Cite
RasiulisA. L. V., SchmelzerI., & WrightC. G. (2012). The effect of temporal sampling regime on the characterization of home range for female boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Labrador, Canada. Rangifer, 32(2), 227-239. https://doi.org/10.7557/2.32.2.2272