The Reformation and the Linguistic Situation in Norway

  • Endre Mørck UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Emneord (Nøkkelord): Reformasjonen, Norsk språkhistorie, Dansk i Norge, Bibeloversettelse, Kirkespråk

Sammendrag

The article gives a short account of the development of the spoken language from Old Norwegian to Modern Norwegian, the transition from Norwegian to Danish as the written language in Norway and the language of the church around the Reformation. It is argued that the changes in the spoken language were a long-term development completed, on the whole, at the time of the Reformation, that the transition from Norwegian to Danish as the written language was also well on the way before the Reformation, and that the vernacular was not abruptly introduced in the Lutheran service. So, the linguistic situation in the centuries following the Reformation is only to a lesser degree a result of the Reformation itself. The Reformation should first and foremost be credited with the translation of the Bible into Danish and with it the consolidation of a modern form of Danish which was spread through the extensive religious literature of the time. Later this consolidated written language formed the basis for the development of a higher variety of spoken Norwegian.

Forfatterbiografi

Endre Mørck, UiT The Arctic University of Norway

Endre Mørck er professor i norrøn filologi ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet, der han også har vært dekan og instituttleder. Faglig har han først og fremst arbeidet med det mellomnorske diplommaterialet og bygdemålstekster fra eldre nynorsk tid, og undersøkt den morfologiske og syntaktiske utviklinga fra norrønt til moderne norsk. Han har også skrevet om moderne standard- og dialektsyntaks. De største arbeidene hans er bøkene Unormaliserte middelaldertekster (2006) og Leddstillinga i mellomnorske heilsetninger (2011). Blant de siste arbeidene hans er kapitlene “Syntaks” i Sandøy (red.): Norsk språkhistorie I. Mønster, s. 317–445 (2016) og “Seinmellomalderen (1350–1536)” i Nesse (red.): Norsk språk­historie IV. Tidslinjer, s. 293–356 (2018).

Publisert
2019-08-05
Hvordan referere
Mørck, Endre. 2019. «The Reformation and the Linguistic Situation in Norway». Nordlit, nr. 43 (august), 115–126. https://doi.org/10.7557/13.4903.