Forfatterens gjerninger

Upålitelig narrasjon i T.S. Eliots «Journey of the Magi»?

  • Rolf Gaasland
Emneord (Nøkkelord): Unreliable narration, T.S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi, Matthew, Booth, Chatman

Sammendrag

The article adresses the literary theoretical issue of unreliable narration in first-person fictional narratives. The theoretical discussion is prefaced by an interpretation of T.S. Eliot’s narrative poem “Journey of the Magi”. The interpretation conludes that the narrator, contrary to critical consensus, qualifies as unreliable according to Wayne Booth’s original definition. Having thus opened up the issue of unreliable narration, the article goes on to argue that Booth’s classical definition is misleading, especially when applied to first-person narrators like the one in “Journey of the Magi”. The broader context for the discussion is the question of how narrative fictions communicate and the roles taken by respectively the (real) author and (the fictive) narrator in acts of narrative communication.

Referanser

Ackroyd, Peter. 1988 [1984]. T.S. Eliot. London: Cardinal by Sphere Books Ltd.

Andrewes, Lancelot. 1888 [1662]. «Sermon XV. A sermon preached before the King’s Majesty, at Whitehall, on Wednesday, the twenty-Fifth of Desember, A.D. MDCXXII., being Christmas-Day». I Seventeen Sermons on the Nativity, av Lancelot Andrewes. London: Griffith, Farran, Okeden & Welsh.

Holy Bible. King James Version. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo: Cambridge University Press.

Booth, Wayne. 1961. The Rhetoric of Fiction, Second Edition. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Chatman, Seymour. 1978. Story and Discourse. Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.

Currie, Gregory. 1995. «Unreliability Refigured: Narrative in Literature and Film». The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Vol. 53, No 1, Winter, 1995. https://doi.org/10.2307/431733

Dean, Michael P. 1979. «Eliot’s ‘Journey of the Magi’». The Explicator, 37, issue 4, 1979. https://doi.org/10.1080/00144940.1979.9938584

Eliot, T.S. 1936. Collected poems 1909–1935. London: Faber & Faber.

Eliot, T.S. 1970 [1928]. For Lancelot Andrewes. Essays on Style and Order. London: Faber & Faber.

Greve, Anniken. 2008. Litteraturens meddelelse. En litteraturvitenskapelig tolkningsmetodikk i teoretisk, praktisk og skeptisk lys. Tromsø: Det humanistiske fakultet, Universitetet i Tromsø. https://hdl.handle.net/10037/2063

Greve, Anniken. 2013. «Fiksjonen som forfatterhandling». Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, Volum 1, 2013.

Gaasland, Rolf. 2012: «Practical Reasoning Demarcated. Unreliable Narration in Kafka’s ‘Erstes Leid’». I Disputable Core Concepts of Narrative Theory, redigert av Rossholm, Göran Rossholm og Christer Johansson. Bern: Peter Lang AG.

Gaasland, Rolf. 2018. «Evangelisk ironi». Nordlit, nr. 40. https://doi.org/10.7557/13.4466

Kern, Stephen. 2011. The Modernist Novel. A Critical Introduction. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Tokyo, Mexico City: Cambridge University Press.

Ricks, Christopher and McCue, Jim (eds.). 2015. The Poems of T.S. Eliot. Volume I. Collected and Uncollected Poems. London: Faber & Faber.

Scofield, Martin. 1988. T.S. Eliot: The poems. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Sheen, Dan. 2013. «Unreliability». I the living handbook of narratology. Lest 29. august 2019. http://www.lhn.uni-hamburg.de/node/66.html.

Yacobi, Tamar. 2001: «Package Deals in Fictional Narrative: The Case of the Narrator’s (Un-)Reliability.» Narrative 9, 223–29.

Publisert
2020-01-15
Hvordan referere
Gaasland, Rolf. 2020. «Forfatterens Gjerninger ». Nordlit, nr. 44 (januar). https://doi.org/10.7557/13.4942.
Seksjon
Artikler

De mest leste artiklene av samme forfatter(e)

1 2 > >>